Fulrad will

sarreguemines - 1750




The name Sarreguemines is mentioned for the first time.
In his will, Fulrad, a close advisor to Pepin the Short and Charlemagne, bequeathed his lands to the Abby of Saint Denis.

10 to12th Century  

Construction of a fortress which controlled the fordable stream across the Sarre which housed an office for taxing the transport of merchandise. Development of a small walled town. Sarreguemines became the seat of a seigniorial domain and confirmed the town's military and administrative role.


Sarreguemines, one of the towns within the duchy of Lorraine. Conclusion of a long drawn out process of assimilation as a ducal possession.

End of 13th Century  

Opening of the 'Gothard'. With the inception of the "route du Brabant", linking Italy to Flanders, and which went through Sarreguemines, the town's reputation as a trading centre began to grow
Beginning of the 14th Century  
Granting of a franchise charter which gave the town's municipal body relative autonomy. Installation of Lombard and Jewish communities


Establishment of the 3 markets. Period of prosperity.


Peasants revolt with a religious overtones, the result of the local population being exposed to the teachings of Luther and Munzer


Thirty Years War. Ruin and desolation.


Annexed by France for the first time. Attempt at repopulation following the destruction caused during the wars of Louis 14th.


Restored once more to the Duchy of Lorraine, Sarreguemines, one of the Duchy's 4 main legal and administrative districts (in the Vaudrevange-Wallerfangen Square),became the principal bailiwick of Germany.


New period of prosperity. Population growth led to the creation of a suburb, located in line with new capuchin convent (Rue Sainte-Croix). For the first time, the town expanded beyond its medieval walls.


Integration of Lorraine into French territory.


Building of a cavalry barracks (where the Law Courts now stand)


Sarreguemines, administrative centre for one of the 9 districts of the Moselle Department. Beginning of industrialism with the creation of the pottery works.


Sarreguemines, administrative centre for the 4th "arrondissement" (administrative sub-district) of Moselle. Seat of a Sub-Prefecture. Establishment of a municipal high school and the start of secondary education.


Development of new industrial sectors: manufacture of snuffboxes, soft toys, matches, steam machinery and safes. Industrial site springing up on the right bank of the Sarre for the first time.


Opening up of the area due to the construction the 'coal basin' canal and the spread of the railway networks. Sarreguemines becomes the second most important town in the Moselle.


Annexation to the German Empire.
Golden age for this garrison town with the building of two new barracks on the right bank of the river. Building of the barracks for the Household Cavalry (1875-1888), followed by the infantry barracks (1899-1904). At the same time plans for urban expansion were being put into effect(1877-1905) which laid the foundations for expanding to encompass a far wider area and the laying out of a new town centre situated around the Law Courts, railway station and the hospital.


A town outside the town: the Steinbach lunatic asylum.


French once again


Creation of an industrial estate on the town's outskirts. Opening of a trade school and the birth of teaching technical subjects.


Period of recession. Located in a danger zone (in front of the Maginot Line), Sarreguemines saw its development hindered by the growing risk of war.

1st September 1939

Local population evacuated to Charente. Phoney war (expression first used by Dorgelès in Frauenberg).


Annexation by the 3rd Reich. Town repeatedly bombarded. Urban framework extensively damaged.

6th to 12th December 1944

Liberated by American soldiers.


Reconstruction period. Drawing up of an urban plan which reshaped a large section of the town's historical centre (1947). Opening of a municipal affordable rent housing office (1954).

10 May 1961

Inauguration of an industrial trading estate with, most importantly, the installation of the Continental tyre factory.

1st January 1964

Union of the adjoining rural communes (small administrative districts) of Neunkirch and Welferding.

1st January 1971

Integration of Folpersviller.


Creation of Sarreguemines urban district.

8th December 1976

Setting up of a pioneer experiment with a cross border water treatment plant


Creation of ISFATES, first milestone towards becoming a centre for University level teaching.


Opening of the General Motors subsidiary Delco-Remy battery factory.


Creation of Europôle, new industrial area located on the Sarreguemines-Hambach site.


Construction of the Smart car production plant.

1st January 2002

The Sarreguemines-Confluences Urban Community came into being.
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